planting calendar

January

  • Sow Early Peas and Broad Beans in the soil in mild areas, protect with cloches

  • Sow Bulb Onions seeds under glass

February

  • Continue to sow Early Peas and Broad Beans in mild areas

  • Sow early Carrot seeds in a cold frame

  • Sow Bulb Onions and Lettuces under glass

  • Sow Beetroot, Spinach and Carrots in the soil, protect with cloches

  • Sow Parsley in the soil unless the weather is cold or wet

March

  • Sow Lettuces, Radishes and Spring Onions in the soil

  • Sow Summer Cabbages, Leeks and Brussels Sprouts in a seed bed

  • Sow Tomato seeds in trays or pots and keep at 18°C (65°F)

  • Sow Beetroots, Carrots and Turnips in the soil

  • In the south, plant Early Potatoes and Onion Sets from mid month providing the soil is not excessively wet

April

  • Continue to sow Lettuces, Radishes and Spring Onions in the soil

  • Sow Cucumbers, Marrows, Pumpkins and Squashes under glass

  • Sow Winter Cabbages and Late Summer Cauliflowers in a seed bed

  • Continue to plant Onion Sets

  • Plant out Onions grown from seed under glass into the soil

  • In the north, plant Early Potatoes providing the soil is not excessively wet

  • Plant Main Crop Potatoes

  • Plant Onion Sets and Potatoes in the middle of the month unless the soil is excessively wet

  • Plant Tomatoes in the greenhouse or in cold frame

May

  • Continue to sow Lettuces, Radishes and Spring Onions in the soil

  • In the north, sow Runner Beans under glass

  • Sow French Beans, Runner Beans and Long Rooted Beetroot towards the end of the month

  • Plant out Late Summer Cauliflowers

  • In the north, plant out Brussels Sprouts

  • Plant out Cucumbers, Marrows, Pumpkins and Squashes towards the end of the month

June

  • Continue to sow French Beans, Peas and salad crops in the soil

  • Continue to plant out Cucumbers, Marrows, Pumpkins and Squashes

  • Plant out Brussels Sprouts and Winter Cabbages

  • Plant out Tomatoes

  • Plant out Leeks

  • Plant Self-Blanching Celery

 July

  • Continue to sow salad crops in the soil

  • Complete planting Brussels Sprouts, Leeks and Winter Cabbages

August

  • Sow early Winter Lettuces and Spring Cabbages

  • Sow early Carrots

September

  • Sow Broad Beans, Spring Cabbages, Carrots and Lettuces under cloches

  • In the north, plant out Spring Cabbages towards the end of the month

October

  • Continue to sow Broad Beans and Lettuces under cloches

  • In the south, plant out Cabbages

  • Plant Winter and Spring Lettuces

November

  • Continue to sow Broad Beans under cloches

  • In the south, continue to sow Lettuces under cloches

  • Sow Early Peas under cloches

December

  • Continue to sow Broad Beans, protect with cloches in colder areas

  • Put you feet up on the 25th !!


The difference between ‘sowing’ and ‘planting’

  • Sowing involves putting seeds into a soil, the seed then (hopefully) germinates and a plant grows – until the seed goes into the soil, the seed is dormant and needs no special attention (usually ‘fresh’ seeds have a shelf life of 2 to 4 years).

  • Planting involves taking a living plant which needs water and light, and putting it into the soil. Plants can either be grown by a gardener from seed, or purchased from a nursery.